By Todimu Ogunade
As today marks a historical event in American history, Columbus Day, which is celebrated on the 9th of October, which commemorates the historic voyage and landing of Christopher Columbus when he discovered a land of exploration and endless possibilities.
An insight into the genius himself
Ever wondered about the creative mind behind the discovery of the most powerful country in the world? Well, here is a brief account of who he was and his discoveries that have remained historic overtime.
Also known as Cristoforo Colombo in Italian, Christopher Columbus was born October 31st, 1451 in the territory of the Republic of Genoa, which is now part of modern Italy.
He began his early voyage at the age of 10 years. Between 1482 and 1485, Columbus traded along the coasts of West Africa and was widely versed in Astronomy, Geography, and History.
Columbus’ expedition to the discovery of America
Christopher Columbus completed four round-trip voyages between Spain and the Americas from 1494 to 1503. These voyages marked the beginning of the European exploration and colonization of the American continents and are of tremendous significance in Western history.
Apart from his notable discoveries, he grew increasingly religious in his later years, after which he produced two books: Book of Prophecies and Book of Privileges.
On May 20th, 1506, Columbus died at the age of 55 years after suffering from bouts of illnesses which ranged from Gaut and Influenza, due to poor sanitation and hygiene during his expedition.
Making history till date
Though Christopher Columbus is considered to be the man behind the discovery of The United States of America and European popular culture, his true historical legacy extends beyond his discoveries and achievements.
The use of Columbus as a founding figure of New World nations spread rapidly after the American Revolution. His name was given to the federal capital of the United States. Numerous cities, towns, counties, streets, and plazas throughout Latin America and Spain, have been named after him.
Celebrating Columbus Day in America today
Columbus Day was originally held on October, 12 but in 1971, the date of the holiday was changed to the second of every Monday in October.T his means that the date changes each year. See dates below:
However, some states have chosen not to observe the holiday at all: Alaska, Hawaii and South Dakota do not recognize Columbus Day. Many businesses and shops are open in states that do not have Columbus Day as a public holiday. Some government offices are usually closed because Columbus Day is still a federal government holiday.